Year

2008

Degree Name

Master of Engineering by Research

Department

School of Electrical, Computer and Telecommunications Engineering - Faculty of Informatics

Abstract

Wireless ad hoc networks have been increasingly popular in recent years with the development of mobile devices. However, both theoretical and simulation works show that the capacity of wireless ad hoc networks is bounded due to its nature of distributed and multihop. Spatial reuse is a promising technology to increase the capacity of wireless ad hoc networks by allowing more transmissions to occur simultaneously. In this thesis, we enhance 802.11 performances by exploiting the benefits of spatial reuse in wireless ad hoc networks which is achieved by transmission power control (TPC) and directional antennas.

We first propose spatial TPC based on basic TPC to fully exploit the benefits of spatial reuse achieved by transmission range control. Simulation results show that spatial TPC achieves higher throughput and lower power consumption compared to 802.11 and basic TPC. We also develop four schemes of directional MAC protocols with the intention of overcoming the new hidden node problem faced by directional antennas. By extensive simulations under different topologies and traffic patterns, we find the directional RTS/CTS (DD) scheme outperforms 802.11 as well as other three schemes by fully exploiting the benefits of spatial reuse achieved by directional antennas.

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