Title

Penicillin dust exposure and penicillin resistance among pharmaceutical workers in Tehran, Iran

RIS ID

115812

Publication Details

Farshad, A. A., Enferadi, M., Bakand, S., Orak, R. J. & Mirkazemi, R. (2016). Penicillin dust exposure and penicillin resistance among pharmaceutical workers in Tehran, Iran. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 22 (3), 218-223.

Abstract

Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) adversely impacts the prevention and treatment of a wide range of infections and is considered as a serious threat to global public health. Occupational-related AMR is a neglected area of research.

Objective: To assess exposure to penicillin dust, penicillin active materials, and to report the frequency of penicillin resistance among pharmaceutical workers in Tehran, Iran.

Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted among workers on a penicillin production line in a pharmaceutical company (n = 60) and workers in a food producing company (n = 60). Data were collected via survey, air sampling, and throat swab.

Results: The mean overall concentrations of penicillin dust and penicillin active material were 6.6 and 4.3 mg/m3, respectively, in the pharmaceutical industry. Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) was detected in 45% (27) individuals in the exposed group, 92.6% of which showed penicillin resistance. Resistance was significantly higher among workers in penicillin production line (p = 0.014).

Conclusions: High level of AMR among workers in penicillin production line is a health risk for the workers as well as society as a whole through the spread of drug resistant micro-organisms.

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10773525.2016.1201238