General practice nursing
General practice nursing is a well-developed specialty area in the United Kingdom and New Zealand, and an emerging specialty in Australia. Although nurses have worked in Australian general practice for many years, in recent years the number of practice nurses has increased and their roles have developed (Halcomb et al. 2005). This has largely been the result of Federal Government initiatives that have provided additional funding for the employment of practice nurses and allowed practice nurses to claim Medicare items for certain procedures (Halcomb et al. 2008).