Pd-Catalyzed Dearomative [3 + 2] Cycloaddition of 3-Nitroindoles with 2-Vinylcyclopropane-1,1-dicarboxylates
A trans-diastereoselective Pd-catalyzed dearomative [3 + 2] cycloaddition between vinylcyclopropane dicarboxylates and 3-nitroindoles has been developed. The reaction provides densely functionalized cyclopenta [b] indolines with versatile vinyl and nitro-groups. The addition of a halide additive was found to be critical for the diastereoselectivity of the reaction, which is proposed to be a result of a rapid π-σ-π interconversion between the intermediates allowing for Curtin-Hammett control. A switch in diastereoselectivity to afford products with the vinyl and nitro groups cis to each other is observed with a 4-substituted 3-nitroindole.