Regional vegetation, climate history, and local water table fluctuations for the past 14,600 years are reconstructed from pollen and charcoal records of an ombrogenous peatbog in northern New Zealand (38°S). A long-term warming trend between 14,600 and 10,000 cal. yr BP is punctuated by two brief plateaux between 14,200-13,800 and 13,500-12,000 cal. yr BP. Periods of relatively drier conditions are inferred between 14,000-13,400 and 12,000-10,000 cal. yr BP, while a long-term wet period is observed between 10,000 and 6000 cal. yr BP. The last 7000 years feature relatively stable temperatures, a long-term drying trend that culminates with persistent drier conditions over the last 3000 years and cyclical f luctuations in the bog's water table and fires. Present-day climate controls and comparisons with other climate reconstructions from New Zealand, the Southern Hemisphere mid-latitudes and the tropical Pacific suggest that complex and temporally variable teleconnections exist between northern New Zealand and the Southern Hemisphere low- and high-latitude circulation.