Publication Details

Velazco, V. A., Morino, I., Uchino, O., Hori, A., Kiel, M., Bukosa, B., Deutscher, N. M., Sakai, T., Nagai, T., Bagtasa, G., Izumi, T., Yoshida, Y. & Griffith, D. W. T. (2017). TCCON Philippines: First Measurement Results, Satellite Data and Model Comparisons in Southeast Asia. Remote Sensing, 9 (12), 1228-1-1228-18.


The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a global network dedicated to the precise and accurate measurements of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere. The TCCON station in Burgos, Ilocos Norte, Philippines was established with the primary purpose of validating the upcoming Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite-2 (GOSAT-2) mission and in general, to respond to the need for reliable ground-based validation data for satellite GHG observations in the region. Here, we present the first 4 months of data from the new TCCON site in Burgos, initial comparisons with satellite measurements of CO2 and model simulations of CO. A nearest sounding from Japan's GOSAT as well as target mode observations from NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) showed very good consistency in the retrieved column-averaged dry air mole fractions of CO2, yielding TCCON - satellite differences of 0.86 ± 1.06 ppm for GOSAT and 0.83 ± 1.22 ppm for OCO-2. We also show measurements of enhanced CO, probably from East Asia. GEOS-Chem model simulations were used to study the observed CO variability. However, despite the model capturing the pattern of the CO variability, there is an obvious underestimation in the CO magnitude in the model. We conclude that more measurements and modeling are necessary to adequately sample the variability over different seasons and to determine the suitability of current inventories.

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