Using celecoxib as lead, two novel series of sulfonamides incorporating the pyridotriazolopyrimidine scaffold have been synthesized and evaluated in vitro as inhibitors against four relevant human (h) carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 18.104.22.168), the cytosolic and ubiquitous hCA I and II as well as the transmembrane hCA IV and hCA IX. Most of the reported sulfonamides acted as efficient, low micromolar inhibitors of hCAI, II and IV, whereas they displayed higher efficacy in inhibiting the tumor-associated isoform hCA IX. Many derivates herein reported showed better hCA IX versus hCA II selectivity ratios compared to celecoxib or acetazolamide. Considering isoform IX is a validated target for the diagnosis and treatment of hypoxic tumors, discovery of selective CA IX inhibitors represents a promising step to unveil more effective anticancer therapies.
Available for download on Wednesday, February 21, 2018