Title

The Oldowan horizon in Wonderwerk Cave (South Africa): archaeological, geological, paleontological and paleoclimatic evidence

RIS ID

102461

Publication Details

Chazan, M., Avery, D., Bamford, M. K., Berna, F., Brink, J., Fernandez-Jalvo, Y., Goldberg, P., Holt, S., Matmon, A., Porat, N., Ron, H., Rossouw, L., Scott, L. & Horwitz, L. (2012). The Oldowan horizon in Wonderwerk Cave (South Africa): archaeological, geological, paleontological and paleoclimatic evidence. Journal of Human Evolution, 63 (6), 859-866.

Abstract

Introduction

In marked contrast to East Africa, where the emergence of stone tool technology (∼2.6 Ma) is well documented at a wide range of sites (Semaw, 2000; Schick and Toth, 2006; Hovers and Braun, 2009), the earliest stages of tool production are known from only a small number of localities in southern Africa, none of which is interpreted as representing primary contexts (Kuman, 1998; Schick and Toth, 2006). Here we provide the first comprehensive description of an in situ Oldowan deposit from basal Stratum 12 inside Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2012.08.008