Moving past crisis management to the implementation of effective primary health care programs is key to rapid improvement in Aboriginal health. Historically. service delivery has been based on a sickness and disease model rather than an approach that focuses towards well health. Well health incorporates disease prevention. early intervention and management to restore physical and mental health, together with social health and wellbeing. Social health and wellbeing are crucial components of the holistic approach required to address the determinants of health, socio-ilconomic disadvantage and continuing grief which are evident in many remote Aboriginal communities.