Complexation, thermal and catalytic studies of N-substituted piperazine, morpholine and thiomorpholine with some metal ions
Several Cu(II), Pt(II) and Ni(II) complexes of N-substituted, piperazine (NN donor), morpholine (NO donor) and thiomorpholine (NS donor) derivatives were synthesized and their thermal behavior and catalytic activity in epoxidation reaction of cis-diphenylethylene were studied using oxygen sources NaOCl. The coordination compounds of Cu(II), Pt(II) and Ni(II) having general formula [MLCl]Cl, [ML2l]Cl2 or [ML]Cl2 with tetra coordinated geometry around metal ions have been isolated as solid. All the ligands and complexes were identified by spectroscopic methods and elemental analysis, magnetic measurements, electrical conductance and thermal analysis. A square planer structures have been proposed for all complexes. The thermal stability of the complexes discussed in terms of ligands donor atoms, geometry and central metal ions. The complexes have a similar thermal behavior for the selected metal ions. The thermogravimetric analyses suggest high thermal stability for most complexes followed by thermal decomposition in different steps. The decomposition processes were observed as water elimination, chloride anion removal and degradation of the organic ligands. Catalytic ability of the complexes were examined and found that all the complexes can effectively catalyze the epoxidation of cis-stilbene with NaOCl.