Evaluation of accessibility measures in practitioner policy and their effectiveness in non-metropolitan Areas
Various accessibility measures exist to explore the performance of transport by quantifying the opportunities available at a particular, discrete location and the available means to travel both to and from these opportunities. In Australia there is currently no consistent performance measure used by regulatory authorities to evaluate accessibility in order to inform land-use planning decisions. Considering the widespread availability and usage of strategic transport modelling software, a unified accessibility metric would benefit practitioners when planning for future infrastructure needs. Furthermore, the development of accessibility measures has tended to focus on metropolitan areas without widespread exploration of their effectiveness in regional and rural areas, where public transport, walking and cycling opportunities are limited due to lower population densities and wider disaggregation of localities. This paper provides a review of the existing literature on accessibility performance measures, and identifies areas of potential research on transport accessibility in non-metropolitan areas, with the aim to improve the planning and delivery of future infrastructure needs in an optimised and sustainable manner.