Mhp107 is a member of the multifunctional adhesin family of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is the causative pathogen of porcine enzootic pneumonia, an economically significant disease that disrupts the mucociliary escalator in the swine respiratory tract. Expression of Mhp107, a P97 paralog encoded by the gene mhp107, was confirmed using ESI-MS/MS. To investigate the function of Mhp107, three recombinant proteins, F1 Mhp107, F2 Mhp107, and F3 Mhp107, spanning the N-terminal, central, and C-terminal regions of Mhp107 were constructed. Colonization of swine by M. hyopneumoniae requires adherence of the bacterium to ciliated cells of the respiratory tract. Recent studies have identified a number of M. hyopneumoniae adhesins that bind heparin, fibronectin, and plasminogen. F1 Mhp107 was found to bind porcine heparin (K D ~90 nM) in a dose-dependent and saturable manner, whereas F3 Mhp107 bound fibronectin (K D ~180 nM) at physiologically relevant concentrations. F1 Mhp107 also bound porcine plasminogen (K D = 24 nM) in a dose-dependent and physiologically relevant manner. Microspheres coated with F3 Mhp107 mediate adherence to porcine kidney epithelial-like (PK15) cells, and all three recombinant proteins (F1 Mhp107-F3 Mhp107) bound swine respiratory cilia. Together, these findings indicate that Mhp107 is a member of the multifunctional M. hyopneumoniae adhesin family of surface proteins and contributes to both adherence to the host and pathogenesis. C 2011 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.