While ‘the citizen’ is believed to signify the universal, there is no universal sex. Because men monopolised the civic space until a century ago, the paradigmatic citizen has been constructed as male. Since enfranchisement, women have been wrestling with the phrase ‘women and citizenship’. For men, the and is read as conjunctive; for women, it remains disjunctive.
Recommended CitationThornton, M., Rapunzel and the lure of equal citizenship, Law Text Culture, 8, 2004.