Governing forced migration
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Forced migration is a long-standing problem for states in the international system. One reason is its scale. In 2010, there were almost 43 million people across the globe who had been forced to flee their homes. Equally important, different forms of displacement trigger different international responses. Because refugees, who number some 15 million have had to flee their own state, and are without its protection, they are protected instead by an international regime composed of two parts: international law (particularly the 1951 Refugee Convention) and a formal international organization, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) which has a legal mandate to provide international protection to refugees... Thus, the central question that animates the issue of governing forced migration is how does the international community respond to people who have fled their own state, or fled within it?