The political opposition and its protracted journey towards a two-party system
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When Singapore celebrated its 50th year of independence in 2015, there were reminders of how the People's Action Party (PAP) government had effectively implemented policies on social integration and economic change, and saved Singapore from the twin threats of communism and Chinese chauvinism. Such reminders were not new. In a statement issued in 1983, the party declared that 'if there were no PAP there would be no Singapore as we know it today'. The historiography of Singapore remains overwhelmingly about the achievements of the PAP. Little is said about the opposition parties in Singapore over the last 50 years.