Aspects of population dynamics of Red Pandora, Pagellus bellottii (Steindachner, 1882) from the coastal waters of Ghana
Population parameters for Red Pandora, Pagellus bellottii (Steindachner, 1882) from the eastern coastline of Ghana, using length-frequency data from June 2014 to January 2015 were assessed. A total of 440 samples of Pagellus bellottii were measured for standard length and analyzed with FiSAT II. The asymptotic length (L∞) and growth rate (K) were 19.43 cm and 0.42 per year. Theoretical age at birth (t0) and growth performance index (ϕ) were -0.44 per year and 2.20. The age at first maturity (tm50) and longevity (tmax) were 2.2 years and 7 years. The Bhattacharya’s method revealed three modal lengths groups: 9.3 cm, 12.1 cm, and 14.6 cm. Total mortality rate (Z), natural mortality rate (M) and fishing mortality rate (F) were 2.58 per year, 1.10 per year, and 1.48 per year. Exploitation rate (Ecurrent) and maximum exploitation rate (Emax) were estimated as 0.57 and 0.93 respectively. The recruitment pattern was continuous with two major recruitment pulses. VPA outcome showed that mid- lengths of 11.5 cm and 12.5 cm experienced the highest harvesting rate. The fishing regime of Pagellus bellottii fell in the developed stage based on the quadrant rule. Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) was 7864.18 tons. Results from the study indicated the existence of growth overfishing with the present state of exploitation as a forewarning to the collapse of the fishery in future. With resilience of Red pandora within the medium category, incidence of overfishing will produce economic consequences. The developed stage of fishing suggested that maximization of yield per recruits will lead to low stock biomass of Red pandora.
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