Title

Shipping - Imperial

RIS ID

108858

Publication Details

Steel, F. (2016). Shipping - Imperial. In J. Mackenzie (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Empire (pp. 1-12). United States: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Abstract

European imperial expansion from the 17th to mid-19th centuries was carried out on wooden sailing ships. Reliant on wind and ocean currents for motive power, these vessels were vulnerable to the elements, making it difficult to develop secure and predictable connections across oceans.

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118455074.wbeoe196