Varieties of shared intentionality: Tomasello and classical phenomenology
There are many things we do together: we enjoy listening to Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, we paint a house, we discuss a proof of Fermat's last theorem together. We also share a tradition with our ancestors, the world of nature with people from distant countries we have never met and responsibility with our co-workers for the outcome of a given task. There are many ways in which we can be together, have joint goals, share intentions, emotions and experiences. However, current accounts tend to explain these different ways of being-together in terms of one single form of collective intentionality. In doing so, they endorse three main assumptions:
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