National legislation as a force multiplier
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which was opened for signature in December 1982, provided for a range of rights and obligations for coastal States in the waters around their territory. Among other things was confirmation that coastal States had sovereign rights over the exclusive economic zone (EEZ), with rights of boarding and inspection of vessels exploiting the marine environment. The plethora of rights confirmed in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention offer an opportunity to States with implementation within national legislation. Surprisingly, not all States take advantage of the opportunity these rights present. This paper considers what rights a coastal State may implement within its legislation that may assist in improving maritime domain awareness and law enforcement at sea.
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