Integrating monitoring, control and surveillance and anti-money laundering tools to address illegal fishing in the Philippines and Indonesia
Additional Publication Information
For decades, states have raised concerns about the need to address resource- and environment-related offences within the framework of transnational criminal law, 1 such as the illegal trade in wildlife, illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances, dumping and illegal transport of hazardous waste, and illegal logging and trade in timber (Environmental Investigation Agency 2008; Brack and Hayman 2002). However, to date, the classification of illegal fishing activities as an environmental crime has not been uniformly and clearly established in international or domestic law.
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