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A few months before the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Mexican poet Octavio Paz was proclaimed at a crossroads uppercase: praising the modernity as a blessing or regret it as a curse. This dilemma was paradoxical that peace in both professed an almost mystical commitment by the modernity: that is a destination: if Mexico wants to be, will be modern, stated (Peace, 2003: 57). Such an assertion requires some additional explanation, especially if we take into account that modernity is a theoretical concept extremely debatido. What peace I wanted to say on the threshold of the last decade of the twentieth century was that Mexico should successfully implement the ideals of the Reformation and the Enlightenment, this is the aspiration to a rational knowledge, the secularization of norms and values, the moral autonomy, democratic self-determination and the State, otherwise perish crushed under the weight of their unresolved problems of violence, corruption and inequality.