Cyprus saw a troubled passage from British colonial rule to postcolonial statehood. Created in 1960, after the signing of the Zurich-London agreements, the Republic of Cyprus became an independent country that, ironically, developed an anxious and irascible dependence on its ‘ethnonationalisms’ (Bryant 3). In fact, the very independence of the island was loathed by those Cypriots of the Greek and Turkish communities for whom the only acceptable political settlement was union with the ‘mother country’: Greece for the Greeks and Turkey for the Turks of Cyprus. Indicative of the unease and, for some Cypriots, resentment at the birth of a republic out of Cyprus is the fact that Independence Day was not celebrated for thirty years after the event (Papadakis 2005 45). October 1 (and not August 16) was set as the national holiday and the celebrations on the Greek Cypriot side continue to include flags of Greece and the Greek national anthem since Cyprus does not have its own (Papadakis 2005 46).
Karayanni, Stavros Stavrou, Towards an Epistemology of Longing: Gender Disruptions and Resistance in Cyprus Narratives of Displacement, Kunapipi, 33(1), 2011.