Promoting concept of food addiction: are we there yet?
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Background: The term Food addiction refers to the overconsumption of hyper palatable food stuffs in order to elicit the pleasurable sensation of neural dopaminergic release. Well documented, obese persons possess a strong preference for high calorie, hyper palatable food stuffs. Objective: To debate the existence of food addiction as a nosological entity. Methods: Renaming of the diagnostic category is a crucial turning point in the official psychiatric conceptualization of Food addiction. This presentation outlines the summary of literature and our studies to justify or otherwise, controversies emerging as a result. Following a review of literature on food addiction, a systematic approach to management of FA is proposed. Results: Considering the detrimental physiological consequences, surreptitious behavioural patterns, social isolation, craving and impaired control associated with addictive food intake patterns, the food addiction concept is in harmony with the DSM-5 ideology of addiction. In addition to providing a road map for the treatment of FA, this research will also assist with clarifying the true nature of the phenomenon of FA including the course of the illness. Conclusions: There is a need to focus on the measurement, treatment and course of Food addiction. Better methods for assessment of psychological, behavioural, and psychosocial variables that may be related to food addiction are needed.
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