Title

The synthesis, structural characterization, and receptor specificity of the α-conotoxin Vc1.1

RIS ID

105731

Publication Details

Clark, R. J., Fischer, H., Nevin, S. T., Adams, D. J. & Craik, D. J. (2006). The synthesis, structural characterization, and receptor specificity of the α-conotoxin Vc1.1. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281 (32), 23254-23263.

Abstract

The α-conotoxin Vc1.1 is a small disulfide-bonded peptide currently in development as a treatment for neuropathic pain. This study describes the synthesis, determination of the disulfide connectivity, and the determination of the three-dimensional structure of Vc1.1 using NMR spectroscopy. Vc1.1 was shown to inhibit nicotine-evoked membrane currents in isolated bovine chromaffin cells in a concentration-dependent manner and preferentially targets peripheral nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes over central subtypes. Specifically, Vc1.1 is selective for α3-containing nAChR subtypes. The three-dimensional structure of Vc1.1 comprises a small α-helix spanning residues Pro6 to Asp11 and is braced by the I-III, II-IV disulfide connectivity seen in other α-conotoxins. A comparison of the structure of Vc1.1 with other α-conotoxins, taken together with nAChR selectivity data, suggests that the conserved proline at position 6 is important for binding, whereas a number of residues in the C-terminal portion of the peptide contribute toward the selectivity. The structure reported here should open new opportunities for further development of Vc1.1 or analogues as analgesic agents.

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M604550200