Elevation of oxidative-damage biomarkers during aging in F2 hybrid mice: Protection by chronic oral intake of resveratrol
Resveratrol (RSV), a naturally occurring phytoalexin that can be found in red wine, berries, and peanuts, has been shown to extend both mean and maximum life span in model organisms. RSV has also been reported to shift the physiology of middle-aged mice on a high-calorie diet toward that of mice on a standard diet. These beneficial effects of RSV have been suggested to resemble caloric restriction. Our study in F2 four-way cross-hybrid mice was the first to evaluate the effects of aging and long-term RSV treatment (14.09 ± 3.4 mg/L in drinking water for 6 or 12 months) on biomarkers of oxidative damage to DNA, 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8OHdG); lipid, 8-iso-prostaglandin2α (8-iso-PGF2α); and protein, protein carbonyl content (PCC). There was a significant age-dependent accumulation of oxidative damage to DNA, lipid, and protein as well as a clear increase in urine 8-iso-PGF2α levels in the majority of mouse tissues. Rates of age-dependent increases in damage biomarkers varied between tissues. Chronic RSV treatment elevated total RSV plasma levels and reduced the observed age-dependent accumulation of (1) 8OHdG in liver and heart, (2) 8-iso-PGF2α in heart and urine, and (3) PCC in liver and kidney. However, a 12-month RSV intake resulted in significant elevation of 8-iso-PGF2α and PCC in kidney. Our studies demonstrate that RSV treatment consistently attenuated oxidative damage in tissues where age-related oxidative damage accumulation was prominent, but also suggested that chronic RSV treatment may induce nephrotoxicity. © 2008
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