Predictors of oral health quality of life in HIV-1 infected patients attending routine care in Australia
Objective: To examine predictors of oral health quality of life (OHQoL) in a humanimmunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected population undergoing routine HIV carein the era of antiretroviral therapy.Method: The study was an anonymous self-administered survey of 273 patients.Subjects completed the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 and questionnaires on sociodemographics,HIV, and dental issues.Multiple logistic regression analysis was conductedto determine the predictors of OHQoL.Results: The study found smoking [odds ratio (OR) = 2.44], time to last dental visit(OR = 2.63), denture use (OR = 2.83), and income level (OR = 0.27) were significantlyassociated with OHQoL.No HIV-related variables predicted OHQoL.Conclusion: Smoking, not consulting a dentist in the last year, denture use, and lowincome were identified as significant predictors which could be targeted to improvequality of life among people living with HIV. Preventing dental diseases may alsoreduce the risk of activation of latent HIV by oral pathogens.
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