Why the acceptance of voluntary codes on corporate governance by listed firms is so rapid? a theoretical explanation
Implementation of principles of the Codes on Corporate Governance (CCG) is aimed at minimizing agency conflicts and corporate governance problems in the listed firms. It is, however, observed that such conflicts and problems occur frequently despite the rapid implementation of the CCG by listed firms. We developed a theoretical framework to understand why do firms accept and implement the voluntary CCG principles and what type of behaviours could be expected from top management. We argue that corporations implement the principles and provisions of the voluntary CCG due to (a) their compliance with societal norms and ethics,(b)coercive isomorphic behaviour of managers, (c) the need for basic integration and adaptive and mimetic behaviour of managers, (d) specific needs of corporations, and (e).strategic vs. self- focused behaviour of CEOs and non-executive directors (NEDs).