For more than seventy years, historians from several different sub-disciplines have argued that the monasteries of Western Europe played an important role in promoting technological progress and the transition to modernity. While perhaps not the earliest, two of the most influential publications to make the case appeared within a year of one another in 1934 and 1935. Lewis Mumford's Technics and Civilization (1934) and Marc Bloch's "Avenement et conquetes du moulin a eau" (1935) approached the subject from different intellectual backgrounds, and differed substantially in the depth of their analyses, but the basic elements of the narrative which they outlined were the same.
ANZSRC / FoR Code
2103 HISTORICAL STUDIES