Since September 11 2001 and the American response to that tragedy there has been an upsurge in anti-Americanism in many parts of the world, including Australia. There has also been an increase in books and articles purporting to explain and analyse the anti-American phenomenon. Strangely, as Paul Hollander has argued, it has not attracted a great deal of serious scholarly attention. Much of the discussion is more general and discursive as for example Jean-François Revel’s Anti-Americanism. Anti-Americanism is still somewhat of a mystery to most of us. It may well be the case that anti- Americanism is, as Hollander puts it, ‘an angry and anguished response’ to modernity’. But its protean, irrational and contradictory qualities make it so much more than this.