Kiggins, Julie and Cambourne, Brian L., 2007, The knowledge building community program: a partnership for progress, in T. Townsend & R. Bates (eds.), Handbook of Teacher Education: Globalization, Standards and Professionalism in Times of Change, The Netherlands: Springer, 365-380.
The preparation of teachers and current teacher education programs according to Tripp (1994) has not stood up well to public scrutiny. He says that many people, particularly teachers, administrators, and governments, believe that teacher education practices are an inadequate preparation for teaching. Teacher education in many tertiary institutions throughout the world is under pressure (Korthagen and Kessels, 1999) and it has evolved to the point where "the professional school's prevailing conception of professional knowledge may not match well with the actual competencies required of practitioners in the field" (Schon, 1987, p. 10).