Ng, Ching Yu; Susilo, Willy; Mu, Yi; and Safavi-Naini, Rei, 2008, RFID privacy models revisited, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 5283, 251-266.
In Asiacrypt 2007, Vaudenay proposed a formal model addressing privacy in RFID, which separated privacy into eight classes. One important conclusion in the paper is the impossibility of achieving strong privacy in RFID. He also left an open question whether forward privacy without PKC is possible. In our paper, first we revisit the eight RFID privacy classes and simplify them into three classes that will address the same goal. Second, we show that strong privacy in RFID is achievable. Third, we answer the open question by pointing out the possibility to achieve forward privacy without PKC both within Vaudenay’s model and in practice.