Liu, Dennis Y.W.; Wong, Duncan S.; Huang, Xinyi; Wang, Guilin; Huang, Qiong; Mu, Yi; and Susilo, Willy, 2007, Formal Definition and Construction of Nominative Signature, in H. Imai, S. Qing & G. Wang In International Conference on Information and Communications Security, 12-15 December, Zhengzhou, China. Lecture notes in computer science, 4861, 57-68.
Since the introduction of nominative signature in 1996, there are three problems that have still not been solved. First, there is no convincing application proposed; second, there is no formal security model available; and third, there is no proven secure scheme constructed, given that all the previous schemes have already been found flawed. In this paper, we give positive answers to these problems. First, we illustrate that nominative signature is a better tool for building user certification systems which were originally implemented using universal designated verifier signature. Second, we propose a formal definition and adversarial model for nominative signature. Third, we show that Chaum's undeniable signature can be transformed to an efficient nominative signature by simply using a standard signature. The security of our transformation can be proven under the standard number-theoretic assumption