Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to briefly discuss some aspects of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology, potential applications, and challenges including scientific methods that will help to study the impacts of RFID implementation on businesses. Design/methodology/approach: As an introductory paper, this paper conducts a brief literature review, provides personal reflection on RFID technology, and consolidates expert opinions. Findings: This paper identifies a set of research topics that seem relevant for a large-scale implementation of RFID systems. It brings up the importance of business impacts as a result of new RFID systems introduced to organizations. Originality/value: The paper is original in the sense that it combines literature review, personal reflections, and expert opinions to draw a set of research topics that contribute to both acceptance and large-scale implementation of RFID systems. Â© Emerald Group Publishing Limited.