Axial load-bending moment diagrams of carbon FRP wrapped hollow core reinforced concrete columns
Hollow core reinforced concrete columns are generally preferred in use to decrease the cost and weight/stiffnesss ratio of members, such as bridge columns and piles. With a simplified stress state assumption, strengthening a hollow core reinforced concrete column with fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) wrapping provides a biaxial confinement to the concrete, which leads to a need of defining the effect of FRP wrapping on the strength and ductility of the hollow core reinforced concrete columns. In this study, two groups of four hollow core reinforced concrete columns ( 205mmouter diameter, 56mmhollow core diameter, and 925mmheight) were tested under concentric, eccentric (25 and 50mmeccentricity) and bending loads to observe the effect of carbon FRP (CFRP) wrapping. All the columns had internal steel reinforcement. Half of the columns had three layers of circumferential CFRP wrapping, whereas the other half had no external confinement. Axial load-bending moment (P–M)diagrams of each group were drawn using the obtained experimental results for both groups. It was observed that, CFRP wrapped columns had higher load and moment carrying capacities than the other group. An analytical model is proposed for drawing the P–Mdiagram of CFRP wrapped hollow core reinforced concrete columns.