Superconductivity up to 30 K in the vicinity of the quantum critical point in BaFe2(As1-xPx)2
We report bulk superconductivity induced by an isovalent doping of phosphorus in BaFe2(As1−xPx )2. The P-for-As substitution results in shrinkage of the lattice, especially for the FeAs block layers. The resistivity anomaly associated with the spin-density-wave (SDW) transition in the undoped compound is gradually suppressed by the P doping. Superconductivity with a maximum Tc of 30 K emerges at x = 0.32, coinciding with a magnetic quantum critical point (QCP) which is shown by the disappearance of SDW order and the linear temperature-dependent resistivity in the normal state. The Tc values were found to decrease with further P doping and no superconductivity was observed down to 2 K for x > 0.77. The appearance of superconductivity in the vicinity of QCP hints at the superconductivity mechanism in iron-based arsenides.
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