Cerium oxide based particles as possible alternative to ZnO in sunscreens: Effect of the synthesis method on the photoprotection results
The aim of this study was to synthesize and characterize Ca-doped CeO2 nanopowder in order to determine in vitro the photoprotection efficiency of the combination – commercial TiO2/Ca-doped CeO2 – incorporated in emulsion. Cerium based particles were synthesized by two methods, co-precipitation and spray pyrolysis, in order to study the effect of the synthesis method on the photoprotection results. While both samples synthesized by co-precipitation and spray pyrolysis methods present the same crystalline structure and the same elementary composition, they differ in granulometry. The photoprotection results showed that the combinations tested are more efficient than the classical combination TiO2/ZnO in both UVB and UVA ranges. While the combination TiO2/CeO2 synthesized by co-precipitation allows an increase of the SPF of 27% compared to the classical combination, the combination TiO2/CeO2 synthesized by spray pyrolysis allows an increase of the PF-UVA of 19%.