Chemical and mineralogical behaviour of lignosulfonate treated soils
This paper presents the results of Unconfined Compressive Strength tests (UCS) carried out on clay soils stabilized with Lignosulfonate (LS). Laboratory studies indicate that lignosulfonate can increase the stiffness of the treated soils. Moreover, the influence of clay minerals on the LS stablisation is investigated using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy and Electrical Conductivity (EC). The analysis confirms that the clay mineralogy plays an important role in the stabilisation of clay soils. The stabilization mechanism is mainly due to the formation of lignosulfonate-clay amorphous compounds through the electrostatic reaction process.