Novel ECG signal classification based on KICA nonlinear feature extraction
Electrocardiogram (ECG) signal feature extraction is important in diagnosing cardiovascular diseases. This paper presents a new method for nonlinear feature extraction of ECG signals by combining principal component analysis (PCA) and kernel independent component analysis (KICA). The proposed method first uses PCA to decrease the dimensions of the ECG signal training set and then employs KICA to calculate the feature space for extracting the nonlinear features. Support vector machine (SVM) is utilized to determine the nonlinear features of the ECG signal classification. Genetic algorithm is also used to optimize the SVM parameters. The proposed method is advantageous because it does not require a huge amount of sampling data, and this technique is better than traditional strategies to select optimal features in the multi-domain feature space. Computer simulations reveal that the proposed method yields more satisfactory classification results on the MIT-BIH arrhythmia database, reaching an overall accuracy of 97.78 %.