An effective power management strategy for a wind-diesel-hydrogen-based remote area power supply system to meet fluctuating demands under generation uncertainty
This paper addresses power management strategies, including technical issues and control methodologies, for a winddominated hybrid remote area power supply (RAPS) system. The system consists of a doubly fed induction generator, a diesel generator, a hydrogen-based generation scheme, and mains loads. The goal is to maximize power extraction from the wind generator under generation uncertainty. For active power management, a hydrogen-based generation scheme consisting of an electrolyser and a fuel cell system is integrated to the RAPS system. Developed control strategies contribute to achieve the following objectives: 1) load side voltage and frequency regulation; 2) maximum power extraction from wind; and 3) regulating diesel generator operation at low load conditions. Simulation studies with a real-life data set are used to evaluate the proposed architecture and prove the control objectives, and it has been observed that all the proposed objectives are met within satisfactory limits.