In this paper a new protection scheme for DC traction supply system is introduced, which is known as 'overload protection method'. In this scheme, with the knowledge of the number of traveling trains between two traction substations and the value of current which is drawn from each substation, the occurrence of short circuit fault is detected. The aforementioned data can be extracted and transmitted from railway traffic control system. Recently DDL ('Détection Défaut Lign in French', which means 'Line Fault detection') protection method is used in supply line protection. In this paper, the electrical system of railway system is simulated using the data obtained from Tabriz (located in Iran) Urban Railway Organization. The performance of the conventional and proposed protection schemes is compared and the simulation results are presented and then the practical measures and requirements of both methods are investigated. According to the results obtained, both methods accomplish satisfactory protection performance; however the DDL protection scheme is severely sensitive to the change in components and supply system parameters and it is also hard to determine the setting range of protection parameters of this method. Therefore, it may lead to some undesired operations; while the proposed protection scheme is simpler and more reliable.