Modeling the performance of stone column-reinforced soft ground under static and cyclic loads
Installing stone columns is a convenient method of soft ground improvement. Although several analytical and numerical solutions are available to predict the performance of stone column improved soft ground, these models are incapable of capturing the influence of cyclic loading on transport corridors, such as highways and railways. The authors developed a novel finite-difference model adopting modified Cam clay theory to analyze the response of stone column reinforced soft soil under static and cyclic loadings. Apart from predicting excess pore water pressure dissipation and the resulting settlement, the model also captures the effect of cyclic loading by considering yield surface contraction. The solutions developed were validated using available field observations and laboratory test results. The model was successfully applied to a selected case study at the Australian National Field Testing Facility at Ballina, New South Wales, Australia. The limitations of the proposed model are highlighted as well.