Multi-source DOA estimation using an acoustic vector sensor array under a spatial sparse representation framework
This paper investigates the estimation of the two-dimensional direction of arrival (2D-DOA) of sound sources using an acoustic vector sensor array (AVSA) within a spatial sparse representation (SSR) framework (AVS-SSR-DOA). SSR-DOA estimation methods rely on a pre-defined grid of possible source DOAs and essentially suffer from the grid-effect problem: Reducing the size of the grid spacing leads to increased computational complexity. In this paper, we propose a two-step approach to tackle the grid-effect problem. Specifically, omnidirectional sensor array-based SSR-DOA estimation firstly provides initial low-cost DOA estimates using a coarse grid spacing. Secondly, a closed-form solution is derived by exploring the unique subarray manifold matrix correlation and subarray signal correlation of the AVSA, which allows for DOA estimates between the pre-defined angles of the grid and potentially achieves higher DOA estimation accuracy. To further alleviate the estimation bias due to noise and sparse representation model errors, line-fitting (LF) techniques and subspace techniques (ST) are employed to develop two novel DOA estimation algorithms, referred to as AVS-SSR-LF and AVS-SSR-ST, respectively. Extensive simulations validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms when estimating the DOAs of multiple sound sources. The proposed AVS-SSR-ST algorithm achieves high DOA estimation accuracy and is robust to various noise levels and source separation angles
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