Evaluation and application of transport accessibility measures: a non-metropolitan focus
There has been a number of performance measures developed to investigate the accessibility of urban development by quantifying the opportunities available at a particular location and the available means to travel both to and from these opportunities. However, in Australia there is currently no consistent performance measure available for land use planning practitioners to evaluate transport accessibility. Considering the widespread availability and usage of strategic transport modelling software, a unified accessibility measure could provide a substantial benefit towards the planning and assessment of all future infrastructure needs. Furthermore, the development of accessibility measures has tended to focus on metropolitan areas without widespread exploration of their effectiveness in regional and rural areas, where public transport, walking and cycling opportunities are limited due to lower population densities and wider disaggregation of localities. This paper provides a review of the existing literature on accessibility performance measures, particularly into their application in non-metropolitan areas, with the aim of improving the planning and delivery of future infrastructure needs in an optimised and sustainable manner.