Modelling of double ventilated facades according to CEN Standard 13790 method and detailed simulation
The European Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) encourages the use of technologies in buildings that can potentially improve their energy performance. Double ventilated façades can often have a positive contribution to this objective and their effect has to be quantified during the calculation of the overall energy performance of the buildings. The updated EN ISO 13790 Standard is part of the new set of CEN Standards that have to be delivered to support the EPBD requirement for a general framework for the methodology of calculation of the total energy performance of buildings. It contains a method to calculate the contribution of the double ventilated façades to the annual heating and cooling requirements of buildings. At the same time (validated) detailed simulation tools, which are also allowed in this Standard, offer an alternative way to quantify the effect of the double ventilated façades on the buildings' energy performance. This paper examines a case study where the ESP-r simulation program and the method described in the Standard were used for a common building specification to investigate the impacts from a double ventilated façade on the energy performance of the building. It discusses the potential differences that might appear when a detailed simulation tool (ESP-r) is used with constrained (according to the Standard) inputs and also unconstrained inputs, compared to the outputs obtained from the method described in the Standard. Some parametric studies are included to show whether the same trends are obtained using both the method in the Standard and the detailed simulation approach
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