Regularized linear equalization for multipath channels with imperfect channel estimation
This paper deals with different techniques for linear equalization of multipath channels with imperfect channel estimation (CE). We develop a unified framework based on Krylov subspace expansion, which allows us to compare the performance of the conjugate gradient (CG) method, diagonal loading (DL), and a hybrid scheme. Our analysis shows that the DL method generally outperforms its alternatives, but at the cost of higher complexity. However, we also demonstrate that a proper implementation of the low-complexity CG method can also approach the performance of DL. Finally, we show that preconditioning degrades performance when the CE is poor.