Surface roughness and friction in hot rolling of stainless steels
An experimental method was developed to examine oxidations of austenitic and martensitic stainless steels. The results show that the surface roughness along both rolling and transverse directions decreases with an increase of reduction. When the reheating time is increased, the average thickness of oxide scales of stainless steels increases, which results in relatively rough surface after hot rolling. The effects of oxide scale on the friction condition and surface roughness transfer in hot rolling depend on the oxide scale generated during reheating. The calculated surface roughness is close to the experimental results, which verifies the developed FEM model. (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.