A coordinated design of psss and upfc-based stabilizer using genetic algorithm
This paper details a new coordinated design between power system stabilizers (PSSs) and a unified power flow controller (UPFC) using genetic algorithms (GAs). A GA scheme determines the optimal location for a UPFC while tuning its control parameters, resulting in the optimization of the quantity, parameters, and locations of PSSs under different operating conditions. The problem is formulated as a multiobjective optimization problem in order to maximize the damping ratio(s) of electromechanical modes, matching different numbers of PSSs with a UPFC. The approach is successfully tested on the New England-New York interconnected system (a 16-machine and 68-bus system), proving its effectiveness in damping local and interarea modes of oscillations.