Interpersonal Cognitive Problem-Solving Intervention with Five Adults with Intellectual Impairment and the Impact on Self-esteem, Problem-solving self-concept, Socialisation and Self-Direction
This study reported the design and implementation of an interpersonal cognitive problem-solving intervention to increase the social skills of people with intellectual disabilities whose community placement was considered vulnerable because they exhibited challenging behaviours. The study used a single subject multiple baseline methodology to assess the impact of the intervention. However, a novel feature of the intervention was the emphasis on generalisation to the community setting and maintenance over time. As part of the assessment procedures pre- and post-test measures were taken on self esteem, problem-solving self-concept, locus of control and real life behaviours related to socialisation and self-direction. The intervention was acquired within 18 sessions by all of the participants. It also produced changes in targeted behaviours for all of the participants. Three of the five participants maintained improvements in target behaviours for up to 6 months following the removal of the intervention. The participant who displayed the least impact of the programs was a participant with a dual diagnosis. The findings have important implications for the provision of social skills programmes for people who want to be deinstitutionalised.