Publication Details

This is a pre-print of an article that will be published as: Murphy, B & Smark, C, Convergence of Learning Experiences for First Year Tertiary Commerce Students – Are Personal Response Systems the Meeting Point?, The Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 9(2), September 2006.


This paper reflects on the need for interactivity in first year lectures. This need is suggested to arise from first year students’ diminishing tolerance for impassivity and also from the increasing accessibility of Personal Response Systems (PRS) in terms of cost, user-friendliness and students’ level of technological savvy. The ways in which PRS can enhance interactivity and the importance of increasing interactivity in first year students’ learning outcomes is discussed in terms of factors supporting good learning and enhancing their overall learning experience.