In China, the practice of multi-seam mining with high gas emission rates is common, and many coal mines are suffering from major gas management issues. To deal with these problems, empirical formulas for gas emission prediction and gas control methods suitable for site-specific conditions are developed. Specifically, the statistical method and split–source-method are widely used for gas emission prediction. In addition to ventilation, various gas control methods, including cross-measure boreholes, directional long-holes, dedicated roadways and surface goaf wells are used for gas drainage. Techniques for integrated extraction of coal and coal seam gas have been developed in these coal mines, resulting in significant economic and environmental benefits. A detailed review of gas emission prediction and control methods adopted in highly gassy Chinese coal mines is presented.